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A Descriptive Study to Assess Quality of Life in Egyptian Patients With a Stoma

Abstract

The creation of a stoma changes bodily appearance and function, which can affect quality of life (QOL). A descriptive study using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, an instrument that measures 8 physical and mental health concepts, was conducted to quantify QOL among patients with a stoma and to interpret how stoma creation affects their lives....

Managing Cutaneous Tuberculosis: A Case Report

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a prevalent disease worldwide; an estimated one third of the world’s population is infected and 2015 data from the World Health Organization show 10 million people had an active infection. Although TB often is cited as a disease that most commonly occurs in underdeveloped countries, the evolution of drug-resistant forms of TB and infection sensitivity of immunocompromised individuals have made this disease a focal point for industrialized countries as well....

Treatment of Thromboangiitis Obliterans Using Smoking Cessation and Far-infrared Therapy: A Case Study

Abstract

Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger’s disease) is a rare, nonatherosclerotic segmental inflammatory vasculitis that commonly involves small- and medium-sized vessels. Ischemic tenderness impairs patient quality of life and places patients at high risk for amputation. The only definitive known treatment is smoking cessation. Far-infrared (FIR) therapy has shown promising effects on blood flow and healing, but its use in patients with Buerger’s disease has not been reported....

Point-Of-Care Ultrasound as an Adjunct in the Diagnosis of Neonatal and Pediatric Superficial Soft Tissue Infection: A Report of Two Cases

Abstract

Considerable technological advances, good safety profile, and ease of use have converged to support the use of ultrasound (US) as an important adjunct in the evaluation of superficial soft tissue infections (SSTI) in general and the differential diagnosis of cellulitis and abscess in particular. However, its use in neonatal populations has not been described. Pediatric studies report clinical examination is not always a reliable method of distinguishing cellulitis from abscess. Two (2) case reports are presented to supplement the growing body of published data that describe US imaging of SSTIs....

A Descriptive, Cross-sectional Survey of Turkish Nurses’ Knowledge of Pressure Ulcer Risk, Prevention, and Staging

Abstract

Nurses’ knowledge of pressure ulcer (PU) prevention and management is an important first step in the provision of optimal care. To evaluate PU prevention/risk, staging, and wound description knowledge, a descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses working in an acute care Turkish hospital....

The Effect of a Patient Education Intervention on Knowledge and Venous Ulcer Recurrence: Results of a Prospective Intervention and Retrospective Analysis

Abstract 

Patient education may help reduce the recurrence of venous ulcers. To examine the effectiveness of a home-based patient education program on disease and self-care knowledge and ulcer recurrence rates, a prospective study and retrospective analysis of patient outcomes was conducted among 3 groups of patients. Group A (n = 28) had received the education intervention and assessments as part of an earlier study and were recruited to participate in a 36-week follow-up....

Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for a Complicated Abdominal Laparotomy in Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis: A Case Report

Abstract

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common surgical emergency in neonatal intensive care units, and patients who require surgery have high mortality and morbidity rates. The utility of negative pressure in the management of adults with complicated abdominal wounds has been documented, but there are few reports describing the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in children or following neonatal surgery. The case of a 6 day old, 5-weeks premature neonate with NEC is presented....

A Retrospective Review of Adverse Events Related to Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Abstract

The risk of adverse events (AEs) such as infection and amputation related to diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) has been studied, but less is known about rate of other AEs such as falls. As part of a quality improvement project, AEs in veterans with diabetes mellitus (DM) with and without a DFU were examined....

Cross-cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Stoma Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients With a Colostomy or Ileostomy in Brazil: A Cross-sectional Study

Abstract

Many studies examining the quality of life of stoma patients utilize questionnaires that have not been validated specifically for these patients in their native language. Owing to the large and increasing prevalence of intestinal stomas, a cross-sectional study was conducted among patients of a stoma patient health care service in Juiz de Fora, Brazil between September 2014 and August 2015 to validate the Stoma Quality of Life (Stoma-QoL) questionnaire in Portuguese (Brazilian variant)....

A Retrospective Study of the Impact of Pressure Ulcers on Survival in Elderly Persons With Chronic Diseases

Abstract

Medical advancements are extending the lives of persons with chronic diseases, increasing their risk for pressure ulcer (PU) development. A retrospective chart review of 192 patients (49.48% male, mean age 9.7 ± 10.9 years) admitted to a skilled nursing department between 2008 and 2013 was performed to determine whether PUs and comorbidities, singly and combined, affect patient survival....

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